The Tuareg is an ancient Saharan group of people that has existed for over 2000 years. These semi-nomadic and pastoralist people occupy and operate in the sub-Saharan nations like Algeria, Niger, Burkina Faso, Mali and Libya. They are known for playing a role in the trans-Saharan caravan trade and breeding livestock. The Tuareg people speak the Tamasheq language, whose origin is in North Africa. They also write using an ancient hieroglyphic script called Tifinagh: roots from Berber. Most of them are Muslims.